King Saud University Organizes the Events of (Scoliosis 7) Campaign
Dr. Ahmed bin Salim Al Ameri, Vice Rector for Graduate Studies and Scientific Research inaugurated the seventh national campaign to raise awareness of spinal disorders (Scoliosis 7) in the lobby of King Khalid University Hospital at the Medical City of King Saud University that organized by Research Chair in Common Spinal Disorders in the Faculty of Medicine at the University.
In the presence of the Dean of the Faculty of Medicine, Dr. Khalid Bin Ali Fouda, and a number of the Medical City head departments at the Faculty of Medicine and the University Medical City.
This year, campaign targets school students to educate them about scoliosis in cooperation with the General Directorate of Education in Riyadh to organize awareness-raising programs in a number of schools in Riyadh, for both genders.
The exhibition included several sections, one of them to answer the enquiry as well as the special entertainment section for children to educate them in proportion to their age under the supervision of doctors and consultants who are specialists in this field.
Dr. Abdel-Moneim Al-Siddiqi, Consultant in Pediatric Orthopedic Surgery and Spinal Deviations, presented a practical explanation of the method of Chiropractic Surgery through surgeries on some models of the spine that had a significant role in understanding the method of surgery for Scoliosis.
He said: " Scoliosis 7" provides a number of awareness programs aimed at the student and focuses on programs that introducing the school students to Scoliosis and early detection methods in addition to a presentation of the latest therapeutic means.
Dr. Siddiqi explained that Scoliosis is a type of spinal aberrations that make spine curves, it can show up as a curve to either side; as a single curve shaped like the letter C or as a double curve shaped like the letter S of at least 10 degrees. The curvature of the spine can be in any part but it is more commonly found in the thoracic or thoracolumbar (chest area/low back). The degree of curvature varies among people with scoliosis; it could be small, medium, or large in size. The likelihood of progression is linked to the size of the curve. Scoliosis may show no noticeable outgoing signs or symptoms and can go undiagnosed for years especially in children. Since it begins to emerge with the onset of rapid growth in adolescence especially if not treated early. Symptoms include irregular muscular system on the side of the spine, discrepancy and irregularity at the shoulder, thoracic and femoral level. Variation and inconsistencies in female breast and a difference in the distance of the arms - between the tips of the fingers and shoulder and fatigue easily during physical exertion.
However, Dr. Siddiqi noted that 80% of cases of scoliosis were unknown while some cases are due to medical reasons. Adding that the scoliosis is divided into structural and nonstructural spinal deformities. Structural deformity is known to have a permanent curvature in the spine. The most important causes of it is cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, congenital deformities and some tumors and syndromes such as Down Syndrome and Marfan Syndrome, while in nonstructural scoliosis, the spine works normally, but looks curved due to several reasons like leg length discrepancies;if one leg is longer than the other, muscle spasms and some infections. Scoliosis usually disappears due to treatment of the causes of disease stressing that the diagnosis of scoliosis is usually by taking the history record of disease, and clinical examination in addition to imaging techniques such as x-ray, CT scan and MRI. As for the method of treatment, is dependent on several factors, including the age of the patient, the degree of the curve and the type of scoliosis. The treatment of mild and moderate cases of children through the casting or braces to reduce the progress of the disease, but it is not considered as a radical treatment; patients can stop using them if their bones have stopped growing. As for patients who daily life are hindered by scoliosis or their curve exceeds 40 degrees, they require surgical intervention.
Dr. Siddiqi has emphasized the need to raise awareness among students in schools as they are growing so their age has an effect on the rapid development of Scoliosis. As well as early detection can help with treatment and avoid complications that may occur in the future.
It should be noted that the campaign was attended by 137 students from the Faculty of Medicine at King Saud University. In addition, the previous versions of Scoliosis Campaign were widely attended by more than 70,000 beneficiaries since the launching of the campaigns. In its previous versions, the campaign targeted multiple segments of the community through their presence in malls and public places as part of the social responsibility of the Medical City at King Saud University.